It has been a cool spring up until now, so seedlings have been slow to grow away from the slugs, snails, slaters and bugs, but in the community garden this week our strawberries are fruiting and other transplants are starting to gain ascendancy.
Pull up any late perfoming winter crops – a waste of space now – and plant your summer veges, ensuring you put up any plant supports before or as you plant climbing beans, tomatoes, etc. Add compost at planting as well and water them in with diluted seaweed and/or worm juice to minimise the shock of planting. Water well for the first days. Mulching is a task this month, as well as deep watering as days warm up.
Pur earliest sown crop of garlic is starting to develop and fill cloves so we have stopped watering, the outer leaves are yellowing off, but the other later planted ones can still benefit from watering, at least until flowering or stem elongation.
Brian Keats is warning this month will feature some unsetlled weather as well as a solar and lunar eclipse – he’s predicting extremes in tides, sap movements and weather.
Here are the dates for gardening this month. Enjoy the longer evenings in the garden, communing with your veges and flowers. Note that (s) means sow as seeds and (p) means plant as seedlings. Beware that frosts can still occur in Newstead through November and it may be worth waiting till later in the month to plant out frost tender summer seedlings!
Guide for temperate areas in SE Australia for November 2012:
Leaf Days: 5-8, 14-16, 22-25 – amaranth (s,p) basil (s,p), bok choi (s,p), chinese cabbage (s,p), chives (s,p) dill (s,p), celery (s,p), endive (s,p), mibuna (s,p), mizuna(s,p), orach (s, p), rocket (s,p), tat soi (s,p), lettuce(s,p), mustard(s,p), salad greens (s,p), silverbeet(s,p) spinach(s,p), chives (p,s), garlic chives (p), coriander(s,p), dill (s,p), parsley(s,p), radicchio (s,p), rhubarb (s,p), clover (s)
Fruit Days: 8-10, 16-18, 25-28 – bush and climbing beans (s,p) capsicum (s,p) peas (s,p), strawberries (p), amaranth (s,p) chilli (s,p), corn (s,p), cucumber (s,p), eggplant (s,p), okra (s,p), pumpkin (s,p), rockmelon (s,p), snopeas (s,p), squash (s,p), strawberries (p), tomatoes (s,p), watermelon (s,p), zucchini (s,p)
Root Days:1-3, 10-12, 25 – 18 – asparagus (s,p), jerusalem artichoke (p), beetroot( s,p), carrots (s,p), celeriac (p), fennel (p), kohlrabi (p), leek (p), spring onion (s,p) salad onion (s,p), bunching onions (s,p) potatoes (s,p), parsnip (s), shallots (s,p), radish (s,p), turnip (s,p)
Flower Days: 3-5, 12-14, 20-23, 30 -broccoli (s,p), cauliflower (s,p), borage (s,p), globe artichoke (s,p), sunflower (s,p) marigold (s,p), nasturtium (s,p), other flowers
Other Auspicious Gardening Dates:
Moon opposite Saturn: 21 (a good time to plant, transplant, etc)
Moon Descending: 1-2, 16-30
Moon Ascending: 3-16, 30
Full Moon/New Moon: 29 (lunar eclipse)/14 (solar eclipse)
Nodes*: 14 (and solar eclipse) 28
Perigee***: 14 (see above)
Apply soil food: 1-2 best, then 16-30
Apply foliar food: 3-5 best, then 12=14
Mulch: anytime, but watch for frosts (thick straw mulch will intensify them) and remember the slugs!
Transplant seedlings, plants, cuttings: 1-3, 16, 18-20, 22-25, 28-30
Graft: 3-5, 12-14, 30
Dates are a guide for these particular crops. For more info see Planting Notes. Timing will vary from region to region (particularly with climate change) and even within a garden’s own microclimates. Of course, rainfall, weather conditions and your own schedule will influence when you garden.
# Broccoli can be grown year round, apart from the hottest months. I prefer to plant through the colder months to avoid having the broccoli forming heads when the cabbage moth butterfly is active, in late spring and summer.
* Each month there are a couple of ‘node days’ when the sun and moon are in opposition. Many biodynamic gardeners choose not to plant on these days, or at least a couple of hours either side of the node.
** Perigee is the point where the moon is closest to the earth, so the influence of the moon is strongest. Apogee is the furthest point from the earth, so the opposite occurs
lunar perigee (on the left) and apogee (right) viewed from the earth